THE BEGINNING (1994-1996)
The San Jose organization was established in 1994, when San Jose became a charter member of Major League Soccer on June 15. San Jose joined Boston, Columbus, Los Angeles, New York/New Jersey and Washington, D.C. as the first teams in MLS. Between November, 1994 and June 1995, Tampa Bay, Denver, Kansas City and Dallas were added as clubs and the San Jose team was assigned to the Western Conference.
The club began to take shape on August 1, 1995 when a Bay Area soccer icon, Peter Bridgwater, was named the President and general manager of the team. Bridgwater previously served as the owner and general manager of the North American Soccer League version of the San Jose Earthquakes, and was one of the founders of the Western Soccer Alliance in the mid-1980s. Bridgwater was also the Venue Executive Director for the San Francisco venue of World Cup 1994.
The San Jose MLS club began its history nicknamed the "Clash," a moniker it kept for four seasons before changing the name of the organization to "Earthquakes" prior to the 2000 season, embracing the name of the former NASL franchise that had been successful in the area throughout the 1970's and 1980's.
Laurie Calloway was named the first head coach in San Jose history December 7, 1995. Soon after, Calloway announced the first two members of the San Jose club: Bay Area native and U.S. National Team veteran John Doyle and Nigerian World Cup veteran Michael Emenalo.
1996: EXCITEMENT IN SAN JOSE
Throughout the early stages of 1996, San Jose remained busy attempting to field their first squad in the organization's history. The club received a huge boost when it was allocated U.S. National Team leading scorer Eric Wynalda on January 23, just one day after he became the all-time leading goal scorer in U.S. National Team history.
The team continued to take shape, as Paul Bravo was the club's first ever draft pick February 6 in the inaugural MLS Draft. Eleven days later, San Jose was involved in the first trade in league history, sending Rhett Harty and a first-round draft choice to the MetroStars for defender Troy Dayak.
Soon after the first draft, Calloway convened the team on the south campus of San Jose State University on March 1 for the club's first-ever training camp. San Jose was once again an integral part of the launching of MLS, hosting the MLS' Inaugural Game at Spartan Stadium before a crowd of 31,683 on April 6. The then-record crowd did not go away disappointed as San Jose won its first game on the first goal in MLS history courtesy of Wynalda, defeating D.C. United 1-0. One month later, the club made history again, as they hosted the Los Angeles Galaxy in a match that drew 31,728 fans to Spartan Stadium, setting the record for attendance at a sporting event in the city of San Jose.
San Jose went on to finish their first season with a 15-17 record and a tough three-game exit from the playoffs by the eventual MLS runners-up Los Angeles Galaxy. It was a season that saw the club host the one millionth fan to attend an MLS game and record the first victory for an MLS team against an international opponent. The Clash defeated UNAM Pumas of the Mexican First Division 2-1 at Spartan Stadium June 12 to earn that distinction. Doyle went on to be recognized as the first MLS Defender of the Year after a stellar season, while also earning a spot on the MLS Best XI team. Missael Espinoza, a Mexican National Team standout, earned the Clash Budweiser MVP Award in that first season.
San Jose would continue with its international success, becoming the first MLS team to make a post-season international tour. The club split two games during a 13-day trip through China in late October and early November.
One player from the original team, Ramiro Corrales, remains with San Jose today. John Doyle, the first official member of the club, now serves as the Earthquakes general manager of soccer operations.
1997: A STAR EMERGES
San Jose finished the 1997 season with a 12-20 record and failed to make the playoffs. The Clash played through a mid-season coaching change that occurred when Brian Quinn replaced Calloway on June 25, 1997. At the time, the 37-year old Quinn became the youngest coach in MLS history and he finished the '97 campaign with a 7-10 record.
The 1997 team was led by first-year MLS player Ronald Cerritos. Cerritos would go on to become a fan favorite in San Jose, playing with the team for six seasons and becoming the club's all-time leading goal scorer. The Salvadoran set both an MLS and San Jose record with his 11-game point streak during the season, which helped him to be named to the MLS Best XI. Notable members of the '97 club were former head coach Dominic Kinnear and U.S. National Team star Eddie Lewis, then a second-year MLS midfielder. San Jose also made its first appearance in the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup in 1997, defeating the Central Coast Roadrunners in their first match, before bowing out in the next round of the historic competition.
1998: ANOTHER LEAN SEASON
The 1998 season was one of excitement tempered by frustration. Quinn led the team to a 13-19 record, good for 33 points in MLS. San Jose was forced to play the first three home games of the season at Stanford University after winter rains delayed the renovation on Spartan Stadium. When the club returned to Spartan, they faced the New England Revolution May 3, 1998 on a newly widened field that was 70 yards wide and 110 yards long.
Ronald Cerritos again led the team, putting in 13 goals to finish the season as the eighth leading goal-scorer in the league. During the 1998 season the pieces of the eventual 2001 MLS Cup Champions began to form at Spartan Stadium. Eventual 2002 MLS all-star Wade Barrett was drafted in the first round of the 1998 College Draft, and eventual 2002 MLS Goalkeeper of the Year Joe Cannon gained his first MLS experience. Cannon was called to the club from the A-League to serve as a back up for ten days before returning to soccer's minor leagues. Defender Richard Gough enjoyed an all-star season in 1998, as he was the only member of the team selected to play in the mid-season classic. The club was forced to play through May and June without forward Eric Wynalda, who was with the United States National Team at the World Cup in France. Wynalda appeared in two matches for the U.S. during the World Cup.
1999: THE KRAFT ERA BEGINS
For the first three seasons of the League's history, the San Jose club had operated as a league-owned team. That arrangement changed November 18, 1998 when the Kraft Group Sports, the investor-operator of the New England Revolution and owner of the NFL's New England Patriots, took over operations of the team. The change in ownership brought immediate change throughout the organization.
Kraft Group Sports assumed operation of the team January 4 and named Lynne Meterparel the general manager and Renato Capobianco as director of soccer. The 1999 season also marked the final year that the club would be known as the Clash, and the team retired the nickname by setting a club record for wins in a season with 19. Unfortunately, the team's 37 points saw them come up just short of a playoff spot for the third straight season.
However, the team did place three players in the All-Star game, as Cerritos, Lewis and defender Mauricio Wright were selected. Wright knocked in the game-winning goal in the mid-season classic off a Cerritos assist in the 84th minute. The 1999 season also saw Cerritos break his own goal-scoring record with 15 and Lewis establish a new high mark for assists, registering 14.
Lothar Osiander became the third head coach of the team when he took over for Quinn on September 16 with five games remaining in the season. Assistant coach Jorge Espinoza guided the team to two wins before Osiander, the former U.S. National Team coach, was able to join the team from coaching the MLS Project-40 team for the final three matches of the year.
Despite missing the post-season, San Jose continued building for the future. The 1999 season was the first season for four key members of the 2001 MLS Cup Championship squad. Midfielder Richard Mulrooney, defender Jimmy Conrad, goalkeeper Joe Cannon and midfielder Scott Bower all debuted over the course of the year, establishing the solid foundation of the club. Mulrooney was a finalist for the MLS Rookie of the Year award.
With precocious rookies arriving, San Jose parted ways with a piece of its past, loaning striker Eric Wynalda to Leon of the Mexican First Division for the early stages of the season and then sending him to the Miami Fusion via the MetroStars June 1 as part of the "future considerations" from an early season deal.
Ronald Cerritos again led the team in scoring and finished as the third leading scorer in MLS with 15 goals and 39 points. His bicycle kick assist to Alejandro Sequeira Sept. 4 also earned him the Nickelodeon Play of the Year. He was also named the MLS Player of the Month for September when he scored four goals and notched four assists as the team battled for a playoff spot. Solid midfielder Eddie Lewis was named to the MLS Best XI, becoming the third San Jose player ever to be so honored.
2000: EARTHQUAKES SHAKE SAN JOSE AGAIN
The 2000 season marked the return of a soccer club with the Earthquakes nickname to the Bay Area. San Jose played its first season under the Earthquakes moniker, revamping the organization under the name of the NASL soccer team that had been so popular in the area in the 1970's and early 1980's.
The 2000 edition of the Quakes was not immediately able to rekindle the glory days of the club, missing out on the playoffs for a fourth straight year and finishing the season with a 7-17-8 record in the first season that MLS games finished as ties. The season began with much promise after the allocation of Khodadad Azizi, a forward who played in the German Bundesliga and was the 1996 Asian Player of the Year. Azizi was selected to the All-Star team along with midfielder Dario Brose, but he managed to score just three goals in 20 games.
While Azizi and several new Quakes, including 2001 MLS Cup Champions Ian Russell and Jon Conway, were getting adjusted to the style of play under Osiander, San Jose was forced to part ways with one of its past stars. Eddie Lewis, the teams midfield star, was transferred to Fulham of the English First Division for a then MLS-record $1.5 million transfer fee.
While the team struggled at times, the Earthquakes did manage to set an MLS record with 15 straight unbeaten matches at Spartan Stadium. The streak stretched from Aug. 21, 1999 - July 15, 2000. It was a mark that the club would equal just two seasons later.
With a defense led by the emerging force of goalkeeper Joe Cannon, the Quakes recorded a club record nine shutouts in 2000. Long-time Bay Area soccer legend John Doyle played his last game as a member of the club in 2000, finishing a highly-decorated career that included eight years as a member of the U.S. National Team and a spot in the 1988 Olympics and 1990 World Cup. Doyle is still amongst the Earthquakes club leaders in numerous statistical categories, including appearances, games started, minutes played and cautions.
Forward Abdul Thompson Conteh was recognized as the MLS Humanitarian of the Year for his efforts to raise awareness and funds for the victims of war in his native Sierra Leone.
In a move that would foreshadow the dramatic upheaval the club would soon undergo, Lynne Meterparel stepped down as the Earthquakes General Manager on October 4 after 21 months.
2001: THAT CHAMPIONSHIP SEASON
After several years of frustration, the San Jose club was able to deliver a true season to remember for its fans in 2001, a season that ended with the club capturing its first MLS Cup Championship. It was a roller coaster ride right from the start when a new operating group was introduced in January and it accelerated with the addition of a savvy coach and the signing of the brightest American star the sport has ever seen.
The San Jose Earthquakes experienced a re-birth in 2001 when it was announced that Silicon Valley Sports & Entertainment, the business and marketing arm of the NHL's San Jose Sharks, would become the operator of the club on January 10. In addition, Spartan Stadium was named the site of the 2001 MLS All-Star game the same day, and the stage was set for the Earthquakes historic season.
Just two days later, head coach Lothar Osiander was relieved of his duties. With the days leading to the draft and pre-season training rapidly approaching, Tom Neale was hired as the Earthquakes general manager Feb. 1. Frank Yallop became the fifth head coach in Earthquakes history when he was hired Feb. 2, giving him just two days in command prior to the MLS Superdraft.
Yallop wasted little time turning the Quakes into a contender, acquiring one of the league's best defenders, Jeff Agoos, from D.C. United in exchange for two draft picks and Abdul Thompson Conteh. Yallop then received defender Zak Ibsen in a trade from Los Angeles for a draft pick and acquired high-scoring A-League forward Dwayne De Rosario as an allocated player.
Yallop's busy week was not over, however, as he drafted six players in the Feb. 5 SuperDraft, including Chris Carrieri with the number one pick and defender Eddie Robinson with the 20th selection. Yallop was able to solidify the Quakes midfield when he acquired Manny Lagos from Tampa Bay in exchange for two draft picks.
With a revamped Earthquakes team coming into focus, former Earthquakes player Dominic Kinnear was hired as an assistant coach Feb. 15. The coaching staff was also bolstered by the return of goalkeeper coach Tim Hanley, who had served in the same capacity from 1997-1999. Seven days after Kinnear's hiring, another important piece of the 2001 Earthquakes came together when Ramiro Corrales rejoined his original club, coming over in a trade with the MetroStars.
Perhaps the biggest announcement in Earthquakes history took place on March 29, when it was announced that then 19-year-old superstar Landon Donovan would join the club as an allocated player. Donovan, from Redlands, Calif., was well known in the soccer world, joining the Quakes from German Bundesliga club Bayer Leverkusen, with whom he signed a contract in 1999.
As the season was set to start with a sense of optimism never before experienced at Spartan Stadium, Yallop and the Quakes made two more major moves, signing Danish star in Ronnie Ekelund and bringing defender Troy Dayak back to the team.
Dayak was an original member of the club in 1996 and appeared in matches in 1997-1998 before succumbing to serious surgery on a bulging disk in his neck that took over two years to fully recover from.
The Quakes got off to a slow start in April before tearing through an undefeated stretch from late April to early July (7-0-5) to establish themselves as one of the best teams in the league.
MLS recognized the Quakes firepower, as a team record six players were named to the MLS West All-Star team in July. A large crowd at Spartan Stadium watched the Quakes put on a mid-season show in the 6-6 game July 28. Ronald Cerritos, Joe Cannon, Troy Dayak, Manny Lagos, Jeff Agoos and Landon Donovan all represented the team, with Donovan taking home the MVP honors after thrilling the crowd with four goals.
Quakes general manager Tom Neale resigned a day before the All-Star game, but the team continued to roll along, finishing with a 13-7-6 record for the best winning percentage (.615) in club history. The team entered the final two games (both against the Los Angeles Galaxy) of the season trailing the Galaxy by two points in the Western Division standings. Tragedy struck the day the team was set to travel to Los Angeles for the first of their final two matches, as the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. put the country on hold. MLS canceled the remaining regular season games and the Quakes finished second in the Western Division and fifth overall in MLS, their best finish in club history. Overall, the Quakes winning percentage improved by .271 from 2000 to 2001, the third highest increase from one season to the next in league history.
The Earthquakes made this playoff appearance count, rolling over the Crew in the MLS Cup Playoff quarterfinals in two games, 3-1 and 3-0. The Quakes then faced the owners of MLS' best regular-season record, the Miami Fusion in the semifinals.
It was a hard-fought series, with Miami striking first with at 1-0 win in the first game off a goal in the 53rd minute from Preki. San Jose responded in the second game with a resounding 4-0 win at Spartan Stadium, setting the stage for one of the biggest games in Quakes history at Lockhart Stadium in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. on October 17.
The game was a tight, pressure-packed affair that headed into overtime deadlocked at zero. It remained that way until four minutes into the extra session when Richard Mulrooney curled in a corner kick from the right side. Standing on the back post in heavy traffic, Jimmy Conrad knocked the ball in the air toward the goalmouth, where a leaping Dayak powered the ball past Miami goalkeeper Nick Rimando for a 1-0 win and the Earthquakes first-ever trip to the MLS Cup Final.
It was an incredible week to be a member of the Earthquakes as the club prepared for MLS Cup 2001 in Columbus, Ohio against their in-state rival Los Angeles Galaxy. In his first season as head coach, Frank Yallop was recognized for turning the club around from its last place finish in 2000 to the MLS title game with the Coach of The Year Award. First year Quake Jeff Agoos was named MLS Defender of The Year and a member of the MLS Best XI while Troy Dayak won the Ace Comeback Player of the Year Award for his dramatic recovery from neck surgery. As a team, the Earthquakes were recognized with the Fair Play Award.
MLS Cup 2001 would feature a similar Earthquakes sweep. Despite falling behind 1-0 on a Luis Hernandez goal in the 21st minute, San Jose responded with a world-class strike by Donovan in the 43rd minute. The team then won the first championship in club history on a golden goal by Dwayne De Rosario six minutes into overtime. De Rosario was rewarded with the MLS Cup MVP trophy, and the Earthquakes were finally able to call themselves MLS Cup Champions.
2002: DEFENDING THE CUP
The Quakes began the 2002 campaign in an unusual position. For the first time they were among the league favorites to win the championship. The team was well positioned for another run at the title, as MLS Defender of the Year Jeff Agoos and star forward Landon Donovan were returning. The team also made a major off-season move as it sent all-time leading scorer Ronald Cerritos to the Dallas Burn for the Burn's top goal scorer Ariel Graziani on Feb. 8. On the same day, the Quakes announced that Johnny Moore would serve as the new general manager. Moore had strong roots in the history of San Jose soccer, having played for the NASL Earthquakes from 1974-1977, while also serving as assistant general manager from 1974-1976. In 1977, Moore became the first person to serve as a player and general manager at the same time, helping the Quakes rank among the leaders in NASL in attendance.
With Frank Yallop and Dominic Kinnear in charge, 2002 turned out to be another fantastic season for San Jose. The team held first place overall in MLS from April 20-Sept. 13 and posted an MLS all-time best home record of 12-1-1 at Spartan Stadium. The Quakes posted a then MLS record 12-game winning streak at Spartan and a 15-game unbeaten streak at home that tied their own home unbeaten streak. At the end of the year, the Quakes finished with the second-best record in MLS and equaled the club record for points in a season with 45.
The Quakes also participated for the first time in the CONCACAF Champions Cup, where they advanced to the quarterfinals. The team swept CD Olimpia of Honduras in the Round of 16 1-0 and 3-1, but could not get by Mexican champion Pachuca CF, who won the two-game series 3-1 on aggregate.
Individually a number of Quakes shined both internationally and in the league. Jeff Agoos and Landon Donovan represented the United States at the 2002 World Cup with Donovan starting every game and scoring two goals. The U.S. shocked the world by advancing to the quarterfinals.
At home, Wade Barrett and Ronnie Ekelund earned spots on the MLS Best XI team, while Joe Cannon was named MLS Goalkeeper of the Year. For the second straight season, six Quakes players participated in the MLS All-Star game (Jeff Agoos, Wade Barrett, Joe Cannon, Landon Donovan, Ariel Graziani, Richard Mulrooney). Frank Yallop earned the honor of coaching the MLS All-Stars in the game and his squad defeated the U.S. National Team 3-2. In 2002, Cannon set a club record with eight shutouts, while Graziani also broke a record by scoring six game-winning goals on his way to leading the team with 14 goals and five assists.
The playoffs were not as fruitful for the Quakes, however, as they were swept by the Columbus Crew, losing two games by 2-1 scores. Landon Donovan led the playoff charge with a goal and an assist, but his efforts were not enough as the Quakes were unable to defend their title.
2003: RETURN TO GLORY
After losing in the first round of the 2002 MLS Cup Playoffs, the Earthquakes went through a tumultuous off-season prior to 2003. Eight players left the team through trade or free agency, and the club re-loaded by bringing in nine new faces through the draft and shrewd trades. Starters Joe Cannon, Jimmy Conrad, Wade Barrett and Ariel Graziani would not be back for 2003.
The Quakes acquired Stanford All-American Todd Dunivant, 17-year-old Arturo Alvarez, Pac-10 Player of the Year Roger Levesque, forward Jamil Walker and goalkeeper Josh Saunders in the MLS SuperDraft. The team picked up Los Angeles Galaxy midfielder Brian Mullan in a trade, while also acquiring Craig Waibel (Waiver Draft) and Brian Ching (Supplemental Draft). After an injury to goalkeeper Jon Conway in preseason, Yallop and Kinnear signed Canadian National Team veteran Pat Onstad to man the net.
Yallop's squad had two setbacks prior to kicking off the regular season. First, CSD Municipal of Guatemala eliminated the Quakes from the CONCACAF Champions Cup in the round of 16 5-4 on aggregate. Second, projected starting forward Dwayne De Rosario, who had missed the preseason with a broken foot, suffered a torn lateral collateral ligament in his right knee and was expected to be out for the year.
Despite the difficulties suffered in preseason, the Quakes surprised the League by bursting out of the gate with a 4-0-2 record in their first six games to claim the top spot in the Western Conference. The team, however, continued to deal with adversity as a number of players went down with injuries while Landon Donovan, Richard Mulrooney, Pat Onstad and Arturo Alvarez all missed time due to national team commitments.
Overall in 2003, the Quakes lost over 100 man games to injuries and national team call-ups, but they battled through and held the top spot in the Western Conference for every week but one. Contributions came from every player on the roster. Rookies Todd Dunivant and Jamil Walker each notched eight points, setting the single-season rookie scoring record, while Arturo Alvarez scored a goal in his first career start. Brian Mullan and Brian Ching put together career years with each netting six goals, while Craig Waibel, another former Galaxy player, put up career highs in games played and minutes played.
With strong efforts from everyone, San Jose captured its first-ever regular season Western Conference Championship with 51 points, a new club record. Pat Onstad and Landon Donovan were named to the Best XI team and Onstad was also recognized as the MLS Goalkeeper of the Year. The Canadian international re-wrote the San Jose record book for goalkeepers, setting the club record for shutouts (9), wins (14), catch/punches (117), games played in goal (27) and goals against average (1.04). He also found himself among the league leaders in most goalkeeping categories, placing first in catch/punches (117), first in shutouts (9), second in goals against (1.04) and second in wins (14).
Donovan and Dwayne De Rosario also had two defining moments in 2003 as they notched the first two hat tricks in club history. Donovan got things started by netting the first Quakes hat trick on Sept. 20 against Kansas City and then De Rosario followed the next week with a hat trick of his own against the Dallas Burn. De Rosario scored his first goal of that game 11 seconds in, setting the record for the fastest goal in MLS history.
In the MLS Cup Playoffs, the Quakes started slowly with a 2-0 loss to the Los Angeles Galaxy in the first game of a two-game aggregate goal series and then they fell behind 2-0 in game just 13 minutes into game two. Facing a 4-0 aggregate goals deficit, Yallop's squad responded with the tenacity and desire shown all season, as they netted four unanswered goals in regulation, capped by Chris Ronér's 90th minute header. Rodrigo Faria, who arrived in a late season trade, scored the overtime winner setting off a celebration at Spartan Stadium. The 5-2 comeback win has since been called the "greatest game in MLS history."
The Quakes continued their run to the championship, coming back just six days after the miracle against the Galaxy to record another memorable victory in the Western Conference Championship. Against the Kansas City Wizards, the Quakes twice recovered from one-goal deficits in the second half to tie the game and send it to overtime to the delight of 16,108 fans at Spartan Stadium. With only three minutes remaining in the overtime period, Landon Donovan sent the crowd into delirium with the game-winning goal off a pass from Ronnie Ekelund, giving San Jose its first-ever Western Conference Championship.
After coming from behind in their previous two playoff matches, the Quakes struck first in the MLS Cup against the Chicago Fire at The Home Depot Center. Ronnie Ekelund blasted a free kick past Fire goalkeeper Zach Thornton in the fifth minute, tying the MLS Cup record for the fastest goal in Cup history. Donovan stretched the lead to two goals by finishing off a Jamil Walker through ball in the 38th minute and the Quakes headed into halftime with a two-goal cushion. Onstad was outstanding in the first half with seven saves to hold Chicago scoreless.
The first 15 minutes following intermission saw back-and-forth action as three goals were scored during that interval and a penalty kick was called. DaMarcus Beasley scored for Chicago in the 49th minute, but Richard Mulrooney responded a minute later with a goal to stretch the lead back to two goals at 3-1. An own goal by Chris Ronér made it a 3-2 game and three minutes later Fire forward Damani Ralph was fouled in the penalty box to earn a penalty kick. Ante Razov stepped up to take the penalty and drove it to the lower left corner, but Onstad was there to make a momentum changing save. Donovan put the finishing touches on the Quakes second championship win in three seasons with a goal in the 71st minute from a Dwayne De Rosario cross. The Quakes four goals set and MLS Cup record, while the six combined goals were also a record.
The Earthquakes proved once again that they were the top team in MLS. From 2001-2003, San Jose has been the top team in MLS with two MLS Cup Championships and the best regular season record of 41-25-18.
2004: KINNEAR TAKES CHARGE
Despite coming off their second championship in three seasons, changes at the top were the big story heading into the 2004 season. In December 2003, head coach Frank Yallop stepped down from the Quakes to take over the Canadian National Team. In his place, the Quakes elevated assistant coach Dominic Kinnear to the top job and he brought in long-time San Jose player John Doyle to serve as his assistant coach. In late January 2004, changes continued as general manager Johnny Moore stepped down and was replaced by former U.S. World Cup star Alexi Lalas, who was named President and General Manager on January 27, 2004.
A successful draft by Kinnear and Doyle saw the team acquire local Santa Clara products defender Ryan Cochrane and goalkeeper Steve Cronin in the first round. The team also picked up midfielder Tighe Dombrowski from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in the fifth round. Those draft picks served to bolster a team that brought back over 90 percent of the 2003 team. Manny Lagos, who was traded to Columbus for a third round pick, was the only starter not retained.
The 2004 season again saw the Quakes lose over 100 man games to injury and national team call-ups, and coupled with nine one-goal losses, San Jose finished 9-10-11 and fourth in the Western Conference. San Jose then faced Kansas City in the Western Conference Semifinals in a two-game series. After winning the first game 2-0 at home on goals by Dwayne De Rosario and Craig Waibel, Kansas City turned the tables in game two to beat the Quakes 3-0 and end their season.
While San Jose did not make it back to MLS Cup, the team accomplished a number of notable feats. It set club records by recording four straight shutouts from Aug. 14-Sept. 4, while also recording a club record 459-minute shutout streak. Kinnear's squad also broke the MLS record by going extending their unbeaten streak when scoring first at home to 46 games.
Individually, the Quakes had a number of outstanding performances and milestones. For the first time in club history, the Earthquakes had five players voted in as starters for the Sierra Mist MLS All-Star Game as Jeff Agoos, Brian Ching, Landon Donovan, Richard Mulrooney and Pat Onstad all earned spots on the West squad. Ching scored in the game on assists from Mulrooney and Donovan, but the West fell 3-2.
Ching had a breakout year after recovering from a torn Achilles in 2003, as he scored a league-leading 12 goals and notched four assists to earn MLS Comeback Player of the Year honors and a spot on the RadioShack Best XI team. In another historic moment, Mulrooney set the club record for assists against the Los Angeles Galaxy on May 22 and finished the year with 44 assists. Mulrooney finished 2004 as the all-time leader in six categories, including games played (163), minutes played (14,204) and fouls suffered (354), among others.
The off-season saw more change as the Quakes lost star forward Landon Donovan, who decided to return to Germany to play for Bayer Leverkusen, which had exercised the option to retain Donovan after his four years in MLS.
2005: THE SUPPORTER'S SHIELD
Coming off a disappointing 2004 season, head coach Dominic Kinnear helped return the Quakes to their winning ways in 2005, despite losing a number of long-time standout members of the club before the start of the season. Bringing in 18 new players, including returnees to the team, Ronald Cerritos and Wade Barrett, Kinnear led the Quakes to the greatest regular season in team history with an 18-4-10 record and 64 points clinching the club's first Supporter's Shield, despite losing over 100 man games to injury. Newcomers Ricardo Clark, Kelly Gray, Danny Califf, Mark Chung, Brad Davis and Alejandro Moreno all played big parts in the Quakes 2005 success.
The team set the MLS record for the fewest losses in league history with four and became the second team in MLS history to surpass 60 points in a season. San Jose also set club records in the following categories: winning streak (6 games), road winning streak (6 games), shutouts (12), most road shutouts (4), most road wins (9), unbeaten streak (14 games) and most consecutive shutouts at home (5). Kinnear's squad became the first team in MLS history to finish the regular season unbeaten at home (9-0-7), while stretching their all-time unbeaten streak at home to 18 games, another MLS record. San Jose posted a +22 goal difference, the best in team history with 53 goals scored and 31 allowed.
Despite the great regular season success, the Quakes were eliminated for the second straight season in the Western Conference Semifinals. After losing 3-1 on the road to the Los Angeles Galaxy in the first leg of the series, the Quakes could not comeback and fell 4-2 overall on aggregate.
Dwayne De Rosario had the best season of his five-year MLS career in 2005 to lead the Quakes. Moving from forward to attacking midfielder, the Canadian international recorded career-highs in goals (9) and assists (9) and finished runner-up in the Honda MLS MVP race. He also earned his second straight Sierra Mist MLS Goal of the Year award for his spectacular free kick on Oct.15 against the Los Angeles Galaxy.
Also having standout seasons for the Quakes were goalkeeper Pat Onstad and defender Danny Califf, who were both named to the RadioShack MLS Best XI team. Onstad was also named the MLS Goalkeeper of the Year for a season in which he led the league in wins (18), shutouts (12), goals against average (0.97) and save percentage (77.2). It was the second Goalkeeper of the Year award for the 37-year-old Canadian, who also moved into first place in team history with his 27th career shutout on Oct. 1 against New England. Califf helped stabilize the defense after coming over in a trade with the Galaxy, appearing in 20 games and scoring two goals. Along with Eddie Robinson, Califf helped form the most formidable central defense tandem in MLS.
Cerritos, the all-time leading goal scorer in team history, made a strong return to San Jose in 2005, after spending three seasons away from the team. Cerritos finished the year with six goals and eight assists to push his all-time totals to 61 goals and 47 assists, both team records. Cerritos notched his record-breaking 46th assist on August 6 against the Columbus Crew.
2005 also saw two original members of the team honored on the field at Spartan Stadium. The team inducted John Doyle as the inaugural member of the San Jose Earthquakes Hall of Fame, while Troy Dayak was honored in a post-game ceremony after announcing his retirement. Doyle's number was unveiled in Spartan Stadium along with a Hall of Fame banner at halftime of the team's Aug. 27 game against the Los Angeles Galaxy. Doyle was the first signing in the team's history on Dec. 7, 1995 and had a standout career with San Jose. The team captain during every year of his tenure, Doyle appeared in 132 games during his five seasons in San Jose and scored 11 goals and notched 15 assists. He was named the 1996 MLS Defender of the Year and made the MLS Best XI that year as well. The Fremont, Calif. native also earned a spot in the MLS All-Star Game in 1996 and 1997. Since his retirement following the 2000 season, Doyle spent three years as the color commentator on Quakes broadcasts before serving as the assistant coach in 2004 and 2005.
Dayak announced his retirement from the Earthquakes after spending eight seasons with the team and overcoming two potential career-ending injuries. Dayak played for San Jose from 1996-1998 and then returned to the team in 2001 after overcoming a severe neck injury that required surgery and torn knee ligaments. The former Livermore High School standout was a major factor in the Quakes 2001 MLS Cup Championship victory as he missed only one game in 2001 and was named the MLS Comeback Player of the Year, while also earning a spot on the MLS All-Star team. His overtime header against the Miami Fusion in the MLS Cup Playoff Semifinals sent San Jose to their first MLS Cup. Despite being hampered by injuries following that season, "The Beast" still helped San Jose win their second MLS Cup in 2003, while being one of MLS' elite teams in 2002, 2004 and 2005. He was honored on the Spartan Stadium field in a post-game ceremony on October 8, where he was presented a commemorative Earthquakes belt buckle.
On December 15, 2005, after the greatest regular season in team history with an 18-4-10 record and 64 points clinching the club's first Supporter's Shield, the Earthquakes were placed on hiatus by the League, with their players and coaching staff moving to Houston where they now play as the Houston Dynamo.
2006: THE REBIRTH BEGINS
On May 24, Lew Wolff, principal owner of the Oakland Athletics, purchased an exclusive option to acquire an MLS team and bring professional soccer back to the Bay Area. David Alioto was named the Executive Vice President of the San Jose Earthquakes.
2007: THE EARTHQUAKES RETURN
On July 18, Lew Wolff activated an option for the rights to the San Jose Earthquakes and Major League Soccer granted them a new expansion team. The club started to take shape on Oct. 3, when John Doyle was named General Manager of Soccer Operations. On the same day, the Earthquakes unveiled their new uniforms and team logo. On Oct. 26 the Earthquakes announced Buck Shaw Stadium in Santa Clara as their temporary venue for the 2008, 2009 and 2010 seasons with some games being played at McAfee Coliseum in Oakland.
One of the biggest announcements for the new expansion team came on Nov. 5 when the Earthquakes named Frank Yallop their head coach. With Yallop aboard the Earthquakes selected ten players in the MLS Expansion Draft, including former Earthquakes defender Ryan Cochrane of the Houston Dynamo. Also selected were Clarence Goodson (FC Dallas), Ned Grabavoy (Columbus Crew), James Riley (New England Revolution), Joseph Vide (New York Red Bulls), Ivan Guerrero (Chicago Fire), Brian Carroll (D.C. United), Jason Hernandez (Chivas USA), Gavin Glinton (LA Galaxy), Chris Pozniak (Toronto FC). A few days later the Earthquakes acquired forward Kei Kamara from the Columbus Crew and goalkeeper Preston Burpo from Chivas USA. The Earthquakes then traded defender Brian Carroll to the Crew for Kamara and traded the club's fourth-round pick in the .2008 MLS Super Draft to Chivas USA in exchange for Burpo.
On Nov. 29, the Earthquakes brought another familiar face to the club by naming Ian Russell the assistant coach.
Toward the end of the year, the Earthquakes had open tryouts in seven cities across Northern California looking for local talent. The tryout tour began on Nov. 3 and finished on Sunday, Dec. 2 with over 600 players trying out. The tour visited Sacramento, Santa Rosa, San Francisco, Salinas, Oakland, Walnut Creek and Hayward. There were 33 players selected from the tryout tour that participated in the Earthquakes invitation-only combine. These players competed with other players from United Soccer League and from other top colleges in the country for a spot on the Quakes reserve division team.
2008: BEST EXPANSION TEAM OF THE DECADE
The San Jose Earthquakes started 2008 with a flurry of activity. On Jan. 10, they acquired goalkeeper Joe Cannon from the Los Angeles Galaxy. Soon after the team acquired defender Nick Garcia from the Kansas City Wizards in exchange for the No. 1 overall pick in the 2008 MLS SuperDraft and then selected Shea Salinas with the 15th overall pick in the MLS SuperDraft.
The Quakes reported for preseason at the beginning of February and officially made their on-field return to the Bay Area on February 13, in a 1-0 preseason loss to the old version of themselves, the Houston Dynamo, at PAL Stadium in San Jose. Another familiar face returned to San Jose soon after, as the Earthquakes acquired midfielder Ramiro Corrales from the Houston Dynamo in exchange for allocation money.
On Feb. 26, the Earthquakes named former Quakes midfielder Ronnie Ekelund the technical advisor. A day later, the team acquired midfielder Ronnie O'Brien from Toronto FC in exchange for a first round draft pick in the 2009 MLS SuperDraft and allocation money.
The Quakes kept on building the team and on March 13, Jason Batty was named the goalkeeper coach. At the end of the month, the team signed Shea Salinas and acquired forward John Cunliffe. Prior to the opener against the Los Angeles Galaxy on April 3, the Earthquakes signed Eric Denton, Jay Ayres, Matt Hatzke, Adam Smarte, Jamil Roberts and Ryan Johnson.
The team opened their home schedule in front of over 20,000 fans at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum against the Chicago Fire on April 12. The Quakes won their first match on April 19 with a 2-0 road victory over the Colorado Rapids. Another milestone came on May 3 when the team opened its new home on the campus of Santa Clara University, Buck Shaw Stadium. The Quakes played to a 0-0 draw in front of a sold-out crowd of 10,515.
While the Quakes were back on the field, the team was not able to find its rhythm until midseason. To bolster the attack, John Doyle and Frank Yallop signed English forward Darren Huckerby, MLS veteran forward Scott Sealy, former AS Roma midfielder Francisco Lima and former Earthquakes player midfielder/forward Arturo Alvarez. The new signings paid off and the team posted a nine-game unbeaten streak from July 12-Sept. 27, the longest unbeaten streak in the league in 2008 and the second longest ever by an expansion team. That run got the Quakes back into the thick of the playoff race, but they were not able to get climb all the way back up the standings and were eliminated from the playoff chase on the penultimate weekend of the season.
During the 2008 season, the team earned a number of memorable victories, including a 2-1 victory over the Houston Dynamo on May 22 at Buck Shaw Stadium, a last-minute 3-2 win over the Los Angeles Galaxy at Oakland Alameda County Coliseum, a 4-0 win over the New England Revolution and a 2-0 road win over the eventual MLS Cup Champion Columbus Crew. The Quakes capped the season with a 2-0 win over Toronto FC on Oct. 25. The team also set a single-game attendance record on June 14 against the Los Angeles Galaxy, as 39,728 fans packed into Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.
The Quakes saw standout performances from a number of players, including goalkeeper Joe Cannon and midfielder Darren Huckerby. Cannon led the league in saves and posted nine shutouts on the year and was also named the team's U.S. Soccer Foundation Humanitarian of the Year. Huckerby scored six goals and notched four assists in just 14 games to be named the MLS player of the month for September, MLS Newcomer of they Year and the Earthquakes Most Valuable Player. Jason Hernandez earned the team's Defensive Player of the Year award for his excellent play on the backline.
The Earthquakes made a very successful return to MLS as the top expansion team of the last decade. Under the guidance of head coach Frank Yallop, the Quakes had more wins (8), points (33) and goals (32) and allowed fewer goals (38) than any expansion team since 1998.
2009: QUAKES SHAKE THINGS UP
The 2009 campaign was one filled with injury and frustration for the Earthquakes. They finished 7-14-9 with 30 points under head coach Frank Yallop.The season began with new hope, coming off of a strong finish to the 2008 season that included a nine game unbeaten streak. Unfortunately, Yallop and the team had to deal with key injuries to Jason Hernandez and Darren Huckerby. This, along with other injuries spread throughout the starting eleven and led to a lot of shuffling and player movement. All in all, eight players from the roster on opening day were gone by the middle of the season. Players like Andre Luiz, Ramon Sanchez, Cornell Glen, Chris Wondolowski, Bobby Burling, Aaron Pitchkolan and Antonio Ribeiro were brought in mid-season to help bolster the team and set them up for a good run in the future. Once all of these components were together, along with mainstays like Ryan Johnson, Arturo Alvarez and Joe Cannon, the team began to play better and finished the year on a nice run.
Ryan Johnson led the team with a breakout season in 2009, scoring a career-high 11 goals. Defender Chris Leitch, who was acquired early in the year from New York Red Bulls, led the team in assists with a career-high seven. Brandon McDonald broke through into a starting central back role during the middle of the season and solidified himself as a key part of the Quakes defense. He scored his first goal for San Jose, and just the second of his career, in a thrilling 2-2 draw in Los Angeles against Chivas USA late in the year. McDonald was rewarded with a call-up into US national team camp in January.
Another mid-season addition, forward Chris Wondolowski, provided some highlights in the Quakes good form at the conclusion of the season. He scored a stoppage-time winner at home against Kansas City on Aug. 22 and added the final goal in a 4-0 thrashing of Seattle Sounders FC on Aug. 8. Arturo Alvarez added flair to the Quakes attack, scoring five goals in the 2009 season. His goal against Real Salt Lake on May 30 was nominated and finished in the top 10 for MLS Goal of the Year. 2009 also marked a significant point in Alvarez’s career, as he was selected for the El Salvador national team for the first time. He appeared in five World Cup Qualifiers for his country, along with teammate and Salvadoran captain Ramon Sanchez, who appeared in all of the qualifiers.
Two Earthquakes hit big milestones during the season, as goalkeeper Joe Cannon became the franchise leader in starts (159) and minutes played (14,481) and captain Ramiro Corrales became the franchise leader in appearances with 167, while also appearing in his 200th MLS game. Midfielder Darren Huckerby, who provided such a lift to the Earthquakes after his arrival in 2008, called an end to his career towards the end of the season after undergoing season-ending surgery. Huckerby was honored before the game on Oct. 3 in a 1-0 win over New York Red Bulls.
San Jose had quite a few memorable wins in 2009: knocking off Houston 3-2 at home for their first win of the year on March 28, a big 2-1 win over eventual MLS Cup Champion Real Salt Lake on May 30, a 2-1 win over eventual Western Conference Champion Los Angeles Galaxy in which Ryan Johnson scored the game-winner, a 4-0 domination of Seattle Sounders FC on Aug. 2, the 1-0 stoppage-time win over Kansas City on Aug. 22 and a 2-1 come-from-behind victory over D.C. United on the road on Sept. 27, which marked the first road win of the year and the first-come-from behind win since the team came back in 2008.
2010: QUAKES RETURN TO POSTSEASON
The 2010 season will be remembered for two things: San Jose’s return to the MLS Cup Playoffs and the emergence of Chris Wondolowski.
The year began with a preseason camp that included a 10-day trip to train at the grounds of club partner Tottenham Hotspur. The Earthquakes played three friendlies during the time abroad, winning games against the Tottenham Hotspur (1-0) and West Ham United (2-0) reserves as well as the Colorado Rapids (1-0).
Building on a strong preseason, the Earthquakes jumped out to a 5-2-1 start over its first eight games. During that stretch, Wondolowski scored four goals in four games, a precursor to what would become an historic body of work.
In July, Tottenham Hotspur traveled to San Jose to train and play an exhibition against the Earthquakes. Two days before the match, over 1,200 fans attended a Spurs open practice session with players like Gareth Bale, Luka Modric and Robbie Keane on the pitch. On Saturday, July 17, a record crowd of 10,712 packed into Buck Shaw Stadium with more tuned in on ESPN2 to watch a spirited 0-0 draw.
One month later, the Earthquakes eclipsed the attendance record set against Tottenham Hotspur with 10,799 on hand for a thrilling 1-0 win against Southern California rival the Los Angeles Galaxy. As was the case in nine of San Jose’s 13 wins during the 2010 campaign, it was Wondolowski tallying the decisive blow.
San Jose’s win against the Galaxy was part of a 5-1-1 stretch that put the squad on the brink of clinching its first MSL Cup Playoff berth since returning to the league in 2008. On October 9, after two goals from Wondolowski gave the Earthquakes a 2-0 road win against DC United, the club officially sealed its spot in the postseason.
With a playoff spot secured, a different race heated up: Wondolowski’s chase for the Golden Boot. With Edson Buddle in command heading into the final week of the season, San Jose’s local product needed a small miracle to overtake the lead. That miraculous moment came on October 20 with Wondolowski coming off the bench to record a hat trick, leveling the race at 17 goals apiece. The drama continued as Wondolowski scored in San Jose’s 4-1 loss to Kansas City on Saturday, October 23 and Buddle yet to play. The next day, Buddle failed to find the net, sewing up Wondolowski’s comeback to win the 2010 MLS Budweiser Golden Boot.
From Sept. 15 to Oct. 23, Wondolowski scored all 10 of the Earthquakes goals, setting the all-time MLS record for the most consecutive goals scored by one player. Also, the Danville, Calif. native accounted for 52.9 percent (18 of 34) of the Earthquakes’ goals in the 2010 season, the second highest such percentage all-time in MLS history. Also of note, Wondolowski posted the third-highest scoring percentage in MLS history, scoring 25 goals on 111 shots (22.5%).
For his efforts, Wondolowski was named a finalist for the Volkswagen MVP along with Buddle and eventual winner David Ferreira of FC Dallas.
Regular-season accolades aside, the Earthquakes sought to make an impact in the MLS Cup Playoffs after drawing the star-laden New York Red Bulls in the Eastern Conference Semifinal. A Red Bulls squad bolstered by Thierry Henry, Rafael Márquez and Juan Pablo Ángel took a 1-0 lead in the aggregate at Buck Shaw Stadium. However, on the strength of a brace by 2010 MLS Comeback Player of the Year Bobby Convey and a series-clinching goal by Wondolowski, the Earthquakes advanced to the Eastern Conference Championship.
One week later, the Earthquakes bowed out of the MLS Cup Playoffs in frigid conditions against the Colorado Rapids at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park. Kosuke Kimura scored the lone goal for a squad that would go on to defeat FC Dallas 2-1 to win the MLS Cup Championship.
HISTORY OF THE EARTHQUAKES NAME
When the San Jose Major League Soccer club decided to change its name and look in 1999, it went into the past to do so. Reaching back to a previously successful soccer team in the area, the Clash became the Earthquakes. The previous incarnation of the Earthquakes played in the North American Soccer League from 1974-1984, and then in the Western Soccer Alliance from 1985-88. Those Earthquakes teams called Spartan Stadium home. The name Earthquakes originally came from a newspaper contest in the San Jose Mercury News, in which fans were encouraged to send in suggestions for the name of the soon-to-be formed San Jose franchise. The name Earthquakes was chosen by the team's management. Following are the results of those teams:
NORTH AMERICAN SOCCER LEAGUE
|1974||12-8||2nd Western Division (4 teams)|
|1975||8-14||4th Western Division (5 teams)|
|1976||14-10||1st Western Division (5 teams)|
|1977||14-12||3rd Western Division (5 teams)|
|1978||8-22||4th Western Division (4 teams)|
|1979||8-22||4th Western Division (4 teams)|
|1980||9-23||4th Western Division (4 teams)|
|1981||11-21||4th Western Division (4 teams)|
|1982||13-19||5th Western Division (6 teams)|
|1983||20-10||2nd Western Division (4 teams)|
|1984||8-16||5th Western Division (5 teams)|
Note: Team was known as Golden Bay Earthquakes in 1983 and 1984.
WESTERN SOCCER ALLIANCE
|1985||4-1-2||1st (7 teams)|
|1986||3-4-7||6th (7 teams)|
|1987||5-5-1||3rd (6 teams)|
|1988||7-5||3rd (6 teams)|